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Cacao trees are small and they grow naturally within 20 degrees of equator. They need over 1500 millimeters of rainfall a year. And require temperature of around 20 to 33 degrees celsius.

There are 3 main types of cacao beans used in chocolate: criollo, forastero and trinitario.

1) Criollo is the rarest and most expensive cocoa on the market.

2) Forastero is the most commonly grown bean. They are significantly of higher yield than Criollo.

3) Trinitario is natural hybrid of Forastero and Criollo. Nearly all cacao produced is of the Forastero or lower-grade Trinitario varieties.